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Troy is the name of the Bronze Age city attacked in the Trojan War, a popular story in the mythology of ancient Greece, and the name given to the archaeological site in the north-west of Asia Minor (now Turkey) which has revealed a large and prosperous city occupied over millennia.There has been much scholarly debate as to whether mythical Troy actually existed and if so whether the archaeological site was the same city; however, it is now almost universally accepted that the archaeological excavations have revealed the city of Homer’s .Other names for Troy include Hisarlik (Turkish), Ilios (Homer), Ilion (Greek) and Ilium (Roman).The archaeological site of Troy is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
Consequently, the site became the most important Bronze Age city in the North Aegean, reaching the height of its prosperity in the middle Bronze Age, contemporary with the Mycenaean civilization on the Greek mainland and the Hittite empire to the East.The walls included five gateways allowing entrance to the inner city composed of large structures, once of two stories and with central courts and collonaded halls similar to those of contemporary Mycenaean cities such as Tiryns, Pylos and Mycenae itself.Outside the fortified citadel the lower town covers an impressive 270,000 square metres protected by an encircling rock-cut ditch.This has since been slightly adjusted to incorporate radio-carbon dating results from the early 21st century CE. 3000-2550 BCE) was a small village settlement surrounded by stone walls.
Pottery and metal finds match those on Lesbos and Lemnos in the Aegean and in northern Anatolia. 2550-2300 BCE) displays larger buildings (40 m long), mud-brick and stone fortifications with monumental gates.
Impressive fortification walls 5 m thick and up to 8 m high constructed from large limestone blocks and including several towers (with the rectangular plan as in Hittite fortifications) demonstrate the prosperity but also a concern for defence during this period.