Dating sitzendorf marks
To this day, the crossed swords of Meissen are the most copied porcelain marks ever.
Although the original Meissen factory eventually prosecuted the use of these marks by others, most imitators just changed their marks slightly and continued to use them as before.
The initials KPM, KPF and MPM were extensively copied, as well as the intertwined initials AR, for Augustus Rex, almost in an identical manner.
And of course, the most famous Meissen mark ever copied was the and its many variations.
This was the very first porcelain manufacturer in Europe and was appropriately named “Royal Porcelain Manufactory in Meissen” only a few miles away from Dresden.
And although the name changed somewhat when Germany no longer had a Royal family, to “State’s Porcelain Manufactory in Meissen”, most collectors refer to products by this factory, which is still in full operation, as simply “Meissen” or “Dresden”.
Not only other newer porcelain factories began to use these marks in Germany, but this practice expanded to a number of decorating and art studios that did not necessarily have their own manufacturing facility to produce porcelain.
After analyzing this local “mud”, they finally came up with a mixture of Kaolin and Clay that, after several refinements in terms of the required proportions, yielded the desired properties to be the first “real” porcelain ever made in a Western country. Within a couple of years, in 1710, Augustus II the Strong, the then ruler of Saxony where the towns of Meissen and Dresden are located, financed and established a factory, with Bottger as its first Director (Tschirnhaus died in 1708).In 1872 Emperor Francis Joseph made the manufactory oficially the Supplier to the Imperial and Royal Court. In 1874 Mór Farkasházi Fischer retired, the management of the factory was taken over by his sons. However, there are groups of porcelain marks that are identified based on the location of the maker rather than the actual company, which can be confusing.
This is particularly true for certain regions in the world that have a rich tradition in porcelain making, usually because there are several factories or studios in the area.The first porcelain marks used by the Meissen factory were not officially registered or “protected”.