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All are Russian VVER types, two being upgraded 440 MWe V-312 models and the rest the larger 1000 MWe units – two early models and the rest V-320s.Power reactors have operated in Ukraine since 1977, and over 300 reactor years of operating experience have been accumulated.In fact, during that period and since, there have been continuing improvements in the operational safety and output levels of Ukraine's nuclear reactors.Ukraine's 15 nuclear power units at four nuclear power plants are operated by NNEGC Energoatom, the country's nuclear power utility.is being funded by the European Community, Euratom and the EBRD” as part of a new phase in the development of EU-Ukraine contractual relations, aiming at political association and economic integration.A 2012 agreement for Rosatom to complete two Russian reactors had been revoked in September 2015.However, Burshtyn partly relies on coal from eastern Ukraine mines now controlled by pro-Russian rebels.In August 2016 Energoatom signed an agreement with Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power (KHNP), one objective of which is to cooperate in the Ukraine-EU 'energy bridge' project, as well as completing Khmelnitski 3&4.
This followed an announcement that the prime minister expected agreements for new nuclear reactor construction to be signed by the end of the year.A large share of primary energy supply in Ukraine comes from the country's uranium and substantial coal resources.The remainder is oil and gas, mostly imported from Russia, but increasingly from the EU*.In 1991, due to breakdown of the Soviet Union, the country's economy collapsed and its electricity consumption declined dramatically from 296 TWh in 1990 to 170 TWh in 2000, all the decrease being from coal and gas plants.
In December 2005 Ukraine and the EU signed an energy cooperation agreement which links the country more strongly to western Europe in respect to both nuclear energy and electricity supply.and in March 2017 Energoatom said that it would start to function in 2019 with 1550 MWe as the "first step on the way to fully integrated strategic synchronisation of the Ukrainian and European energy systems." It will be completed by 2025, with 2550 MWe available to the EU* The 2300 MWe Burshtyn power station was disconnected from the national grid in 2002 to form the Burshtyn Energy Island, synchronized with the EU grid – ENTSO-E – and with a 400 k V connection to Hungary, Slovakia and Romania and a HVDC link proposed.